How to True a Wheel Part 1: How a Wheel Works

How to True a Wheel Part 1: How a Wheel Works

Inside the structure of a bicycle wheel, there’s a lot going on. This video will focus on how your bicycle’s wheels work, including the different parts and concepts that hold it all together and keep you rolling down the road.

#wheeltruing

And once you understand how your wheels works, you can jump into truing your wheel with the help of our Wheel Truing Playlist:
▶︎ https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLGCTGpvdT04STuv86bSdOxtSvXGIC-eh1

00:00 Introduction
01:07 Parts of a Wheel
02:27 Tires
02:51 Rims
03:36 Spokes
05:30 Spoke Nipples
06:36 Hubs
07:29 Wheel Truing
08:35 Lateral
09:25 Radial
09:35 Dish
09:54 Tension

➤ Related Text Articles:
• Spoke Wrench Selection – https://www.parktool.com/blog/repair-help/spoke-wrench-tool-selection
• Wheel Tension App Instructions – https://www.parktool.com/blog/repair-help/wheel-tension-balance-app-instructions

➤ Tools & materials used:
• TS-2.2 Professional Wheel Truing Stand – https://www.parktool.com/product/professional-wheel-truing-stand-ts-2-2
• SW-2 Spoke Wrench – https://www.parktool.com/product/spoke-wrench-sw-2
• TM-1 Spoke Tension Meter – https://www.parktool.com/product/spoke-tension-meter-tm-1
• Park Tool Wheel Truing App – https://www.parktool.com/wta

For a text-based walk-through of this process: https://www.parktool.com/blog/repair-help/how-wheel-truing-works

➤ Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/parktoolcompany?sub_confirmation=1
➤ Like: https://www.facebook.com/parktool
➤ Follow: https://www.instagram.com/parktoolblue

➤ Fix It:
Did you know that Park Tool is the #1 resource for bicycle repair education?
• Visit our YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/parktool
• Visit the Repair Help section of Parktool.com: https://www.parktool.com/repairhelp
• Check out The Big Blue Book of Bicycle Repair: https://www.parktool.com/product/big-blue-book-of-bicycle-repair-4th-edition-bbb-4

➤ More Wheel Truing Repair Help:
• How a Wheel Works – https://youtu.be/MFOng1UXn-g
• Lateral Truing – https://youtu.be/xz6nM6SY-aY
• Radial Truing – https://youtu.be/F_XWq8Bbu7A
• Dishing/Centering – https://youtu.be/FqeEBih8kx0

➤ About Park Tool:
Since our founding in 1963, Park Tool has been the leading name in bicycle tools. Our YouTube channel is an extension of our mission to be the ultimate resource for mechanics and riders of all skill levels. Here you will find comprehensive repair help tutorials for a wide range of components and processes, as well as troubleshooting guides, tips and tricks, and information on the latest Park Tool products.

50 Comments

  1. antoniio caluso on December 15, 2022 at 12:43 am

    Maybe I’m wrong, but I’ve long imagined a cycle’s wheel is HELD UP by the top-most spokes, as it rotates around it’s hub. Crazy, I know 🙂 Otherwise, they "merely" stabilize the rim. Right or wrong?



  2. Entirely Honest - My Self-Improvement Journey on December 15, 2022 at 12:43 am

    Give this man a raise. He is perfect for the job! Thanks dude!



  3. josh victoria on December 15, 2022 at 12:45 am

    he looks like a mack truck



  4. Russell Clark on December 15, 2022 at 12:46 am

    I absolutely adore this guy. Yes, he is teaching me about something I love but so did my drum teacher and I hated his ass. This guy here at park tool is gold. Keep him.



  5. Rowan Robinson on December 15, 2022 at 12:47 am

    So basically what you’re saying is it’s black magic?



  6. Michal Kaftaniak on December 15, 2022 at 12:48 am



  7. Re207 on December 15, 2022 at 12:48 am

    These guys are amazing. Everything you need is right here



  8. Cycle Urban on December 15, 2022 at 12:50 am

    You can skip straight to 8:30



  9. R Matrix on December 15, 2022 at 12:51 am

    Great instruction on the derailleur, thanks. Got the subscribe. I am, now, looking for info on the axles.



  10. Doug Smith on December 15, 2022 at 12:51 am

    I realize that this is part 1 of a comprehensive series, but do we really need to know what a wheel, tire, or spoke are (or how to tell a tire from a wheel etc)?
    Thanks for being complete, but I found that a bit too much. The basic principles are there. but not until about 7 minutes into it.at 7:30 On to part 2.



  11. Iskandar_Moth on December 15, 2022 at 12:52 am

    not me feeling like a child trying not to laugh every time you say "nipple" 😅 great videos though I’ve been learning a lot from them 👍



  12. Posm on December 15, 2022 at 12:52 am

    Parktool saves the day again



  13. Wilhelm Beaston on December 15, 2022 at 12:54 am

    Does anyone have information about truing for 144 spoke wheels? Same process? Is it necessary?



  14. Matthew_dag on December 15, 2022 at 12:55 am

    All I want to do if fix my rim, but I’m learning so much cool stuff



  15. KAISAN on December 15, 2022 at 12:55 am

    this is the most helpfull chanel ever man i fixed every thing on my bike by watching them



  16. Dilip C on December 15, 2022 at 12:56 am

    Good information Sir



  17. Joseph Riebow on December 15, 2022 at 1:00 am

    I got a lowrider bike and got custom wheels 144 spokes and on the inside of the wheel some of the spokes are a little long how can I file them down



  18. Sebastian R. on December 15, 2022 at 1:02 am

    love these videos



  19. Dogbonecrew on December 15, 2022 at 1:03 am

    Who knew bicycle wheels could be so fascinating?



  20. osman2k on December 15, 2022 at 1:05 am

    thank you very much!!



  21. Yahia Elgamal on December 15, 2022 at 1:05 am

    Absolutely the best bike maintenance content on the planet!



  22. Mohd Jafruddin on December 15, 2022 at 1:07 am

    Please subtitles in Hindi language ,so we can also understand what are you saying



  23. miýwêýihtâkosiw Mahihkan on December 15, 2022 at 1:08 am

    Worked in a bike shop for a few years in school on a program contract and the whole truing a wheel thing was my achillies heel. Looking at a rear wheel right now which is what brought me here.. don’t have all the tools.. just a Topeak bicycle multi tool, cresent wrench and a bent rim… will be watching closely.



  24. Kip Anderson on December 15, 2022 at 1:08 am

    NOTE: Tighten spokes for truing. Assuming the rim is not out of round, generally, wheels only lose their straightness from spokes that are stretched.



  25. José Hunter's EW&F Remixes on December 15, 2022 at 1:13 am

    Park is the Harley Davidson of bike tools; experts know they’re the best in quality and made in America. I’ve had some Park Tools for 35 years and they still work. Having that wall of Park Tools, as in this video, would be a dream come true. I wanted to start buying some more Parks, like that measuring caliper with digital display. HOWEVER, I found that every single retailer sells them for the same price – $70. Ouch! Are there any other brands that could do a reasonably good job without making me poor?



  26. Charles Carlson on December 15, 2022 at 1:14 am

    These are the most useful and greatest videos on bike maintenance!



  27. Bea May Belarmino on December 15, 2022 at 1:15 am

    How to know if the problem is on the rim itself or to the spokes tension? If some part of the rim is not centered on the v-Break while biking?



  28. iron thought. on December 15, 2022 at 1:17 am

    No fluff, just knowledge. Thank you for this succinct and comprehensive intro to wheels.



  29. 30 Lê Khắc Minh Quân on December 15, 2022 at 1:18 am

    I meant to tighten the spoke you have to screw it clockwise or counter ?



  30. Bm on December 15, 2022 at 1:20 am

    You just solved my problem👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍💯💯💯💯💯🚴🚴🚴🚴🙏🙏🙏🙏♥️♥️♥️



  31. TheLazylonewolf on December 15, 2022 at 1:20 am

    Man, wheels are more complicated than I thought. And I’m… well, _was_ here to find out how to stop my rim brakes from rubbing the rims.



  32. angru wasp on December 15, 2022 at 1:20 am

    The biggest problem is the price of the simple tools your company offers



  33. Ryan Frizzell on December 15, 2022 at 1:21 am

    This is a good video. I appreciate it very much. Peace be upon you!



  34. Pierce Devol on December 15, 2022 at 1:21 am

    these are so well designed videos. all the extra visual accents, camera and lighting are fantastic through out this series.



  35. Foxy-CAM TV on December 15, 2022 at 1:22 am

    Different Spokes for Different Folks 😎



  36. Ken Kovar on December 15, 2022 at 1:26 am

    calvin is getting into Sheldon Brown territory….nice videos 😄😎



  37. Shanaigins on December 15, 2022 at 1:29 am

    I must be way too picky at around 8:53 the wheel in the shot is supposed to have accurate lateral truing. LOL



  38. Zidny Knight on December 15, 2022 at 1:30 am

    Great video



  39. average rider on December 15, 2022 at 1:30 am

    Is truing a carbon wheel the same as aluminum wheelsets?



  40. April Jones on December 15, 2022 at 1:31 am

    I know this probably wasn’t intentional, but these videos have been helpful as a disabled person to teach me how to maintain my own wheelchair. So thanks!



  41. Jason Morris on December 15, 2022 at 1:32 am

    Hi Park Tools USA®, see something that you might want to talk about is "Annual wheel tuning" if like me you’ve worked on a MTB as a bicycle courier you know that while your local Stock Exchange is closed over the Christmas to mid-January period you tune your wheels quite simply you start at your valve with in the case of a MTB the black horseshoe Park Tools USA® spoke wrench going spoke to spoke 1/4 turn tighten then adjusting buckle quash with opposite-lock tightening not being unafraid of backing off because you may run out of thread on your spokes and NEVER tune rims at night unless you’ve spent $150+ on garage under-vehicle lighting.



  42. José Hunter's EW&F Remixes on December 15, 2022 at 1:33 am

    What do I like so much about Calvin Jones & Park Tools? Well, when I read in this here comment section people gushing about either Cal & Park, I know it’s sincere, as opposed to the obvious BS which is the rule here on YouTube. That’s right, Calvin Jones is as good as we say, and Park Tools are as good as we say



  43. Leo Dao on December 15, 2022 at 1:37 am

    Hi there, Do I have to take the air out of the Tire before adjusting the spoke ? thanks.



  44. hagakuru on December 15, 2022 at 1:38 am

    Just called a local shop – they want $40 each wheel. Wtf



  45. thunderboltofflammingwisdom on December 15, 2022 at 1:38 am

    😊



  46. Bob 2 on December 15, 2022 at 1:40 am

    Love this guy!



  47. innox innox on December 15, 2022 at 1:40 am

    0:02 My English is not very good so I turned on the English caption, and it tells me right off the bat that this is a “wheel chewing series”… Okay this is gonna be interesting… 😂



  48. Martin Williams on December 15, 2022 at 1:41 am

    Bike shop wanter 120$ to do this, rather do it myself then



  49. Coffeebean 1852A on December 15, 2022 at 1:42 am

    Funny , I have that exact same wheel ( the 27 in road rim )



  50. Morten Hansen on December 15, 2022 at 1:42 am

    When a wheels wobbles not from side to side, but up and down. Is that simply corrected by tensioning the lower wobble point and loosening the high wobble point? So I can TRUE true a wheel?